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WAR DAMAGES TO MUSEUMS AND MUSEUM HOLDINGS IN CROATIA
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STARA GRADISKA
Jasenovac Memorial Site

OLD TOWN, "KULA"
35435 Stara Gradiska
Parent institution: JASENOVAC MEMORIAL AREA


Category of the museum collection: C
Category of the museum building: A
Number of inventoried museum items: 736
Number of non-inventoried museum items: ?
Microfilmed museum inventories: yes
Permanent museum exhibition about the Stara Gradiska camp was set up in authentic surroundings of a camp tower - torture chamber from the Second World War. The tower is an integral part of a fortress dating from the 16th century, enlarged in 1762 as a part of the Military Border, when the tower was built. Until 1991 the fortress had housed a prison.
Museum holdings were inventoried as a part of the Jasenovac memorial Area.
Stara Gradiska was on the occupied territory from October 1991 to May 1995, inaccessible to museum workers and agencies for the protection of monuments.

Protection:

Items from the permanent museum exhibition were transferred to Jasenovac.
The building was marked with the sign of the Hague Convention.
* The tower and fortress were undergoing protective treatment. The authorities were warned that that object, which has the status of a cultural monument, must not be used for military purposes.
* The UNPROFOR had a depot of Serb rebels' heavy artillery in the building, which is in contravention to the provisions of the Hague Convention.
There is no other information concerning the protection of the building and holdings.

Building damage:


August 17th, 1991
The tower had suffered damage by a projectile fired by the Yugoslav Army from the direction of Bosanska Gradiska. The roofing was damaged over an area of 2 - 3 square meters.
During the war the building had been hit a couple of times by powerful projectiles, causing the caving in of the supportive construction on the north-eastern part, ceilings in the ground floor, first floor and lateral enclosures.

Structure damage:


Holdings from the exhibition on the Stara Gradiska camp was, for protection, transferred to the Jasenovac Museum and had disappeared together with the Jasenovac holdings. In the microfilmed inventory book 96 items were noted and 640 documents, which makes a total of 736 items that had disappeared from the holdings.

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