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WAR DAMAGES TO MUSEUMS AND MUSEUM HOLDINGS IN CROATIA
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OSIJEK
Museum of Fine Arts

31000 Osijek
Europska avenija 9
Telephone: 031/126 220
Fax: 031/123 345
Museum profile: fine arts
Founded: 1954


Category of the museum collection: A
Category of the museum building: B
Number of inventoried museum items: 3662
Number of non-inventoried museum items: 620
Microfilmed museum inventories: yes
The gallery with its holdings is one of the most important museums of fine art in Croatia. The holdings consist of three big entities: painting and graphic art of 18th and 19th centuries, painting and graphic art of the 20th century, and collection of sculpture.
From September 1991 till the middle of 1996 the gallery was exposed to artillery attacks from the occupied territory in the immediate vicinity.

Protection:

The part of the museum holdings categorised as A and B was evacuated from Osijek. The rest of the holdings were stored in safe places in the Gallery.
Inventory books were microfilmed in 1991 (a copy of the films is deposited with the MDC archive).

Building damage:


September 13th 1991
During the attack on the town, the gallery building was damaged by direct hits. Facades and roofing were damaged. All the windowpanes were broken, on a couple of windows the woodwork was damaged. As heavy rain had followed the attack, it had soaked and heavily damaged the first floor exhibition rooms (ceiling, walls, mosaic parquet), and two ground floor rooms.
September 17th 1991
During the bombardment and repeated shelling of Osijek, a direct hit had again damaged the roof of the main building and left a gaping hole. Also damaged were the roof, facades and windows of the courtyard building in which a joiner's workshop was housed. During attacks on the town until the end of 1991, shrapnel splinters had damaged all facades of the building, and direct hits had damaged the fence and entrance door made from wrought iron.
April 23rd 1992
During the shelling of the town, the roof was again damaged in many places. A direct projectile hit had blasted a hole on the corner and first floor of the building, facing Kapucinska street.

Structure damage:


A direct shell hit had destroyed a painting loaned to the Ministry of Internal Affairs.
Two paintings, loaned to Gradska vila, were damaged by shrapnel splinters.
Four paintings loaned permanently to the Vukovar Town museum had disappeared, together with all the Vukovar holdings.

Damaged collection details►

Osijek, The Gallery of Fine Arts
The damage to the building after the shelling, 9/91
(from MDC's photograph library)

Osijek, The Gallery of Fine Arts
Detail of the damage to the building after the shelling, 9/91
(from MDC's photograph library)

Osijek, The Gallery of Fine Arts
The damage to the roof of the building after the shelling, 9/91
(from MDC's photograph library)

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