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WAR DAMAGES TO MUSEUMS AND MUSEUM HOLDINGS IN CROATIA
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OSIJEK
Museum of Slavonia

31000 Osijek
Trg sv. Trojstva 6
Telephone: 031/122 505, 24 728
Fax: 031/120 959
Museum profile: national
Founded: 1877


Category of the museum collection: A
Category of the museum building: A
Number of inventoried museum items: 81,258
Number of non-inventoried museum items: 28,640
Microfilmed museum inventories: yes
Storeroom:
In the building of BASTION VIII
The Museum of Slavonia is one of the oldest, and by the size of its collections one of the most important museums in Croatia. The holdings, which number approximately 130,000 items, are divided into the archaeological, numismatic, cultural and historical, historical, ethnographic, technical and natural history department, with an exceptionally well-stocked library. The museum is housed inside the Fort, a historical and urbane entity created during the Turkish period, rebuilt over time into a Baroque site preserved to this day and age.

Protection:

The museum holdings classified as A and B categories were evacuated out of Osijek.
Due to large number of items and a lack of adequate storerooms, a part of the holdings had stayed in the regular storeroom, while most of the holdings had been stored in the museum buildings, in inadequate basement spaces, where the material was placed in boxes where museum workers had no access to them. The inventory books were microfilmed (a copy of the film is deposited in the archive of MDC).

Building damage:


During the war years, repeated artillery attacks on the Fort and museum buildings had caused direct damage to the buildings.
September 14th 1991
In shell and artillery attacks on the Osijek Fort, the building of the Museum was heavily damaged, as well as its interior. Apart from damage to the roofing and tiles, the static stability of supportive walls was disrupted in that building, whose static stability was endangered even before the war. Damage was the result of direct mortar attacks, as well as from blasts from a mined bridge.
At the Bastion the roof and door were damaged, windowpanes and frames broken.
September 22nd 1991
In an attack on the town, the roofing of the museum building was damaged again.
September 28th 1991
During the attack launched from Baranja, three hits in the street in front of the museum building have damaged a Roman sarcophagus and the façade of the building. Windowpanes were broken.
October 5th 1991
In an artillery attack on the town, the museum building was hit again, so that facades were damaged, windowpanes, frames and hinges were broken.
November 4th 1991
In attack from the direction of Tenja, a tank shell blasted roof the roof of the Museum. The entrance hole was on the Kuhačeva Street and exit hole on the side housing the Collection of stone monuments. The ceiling, the chandelier and some Classicist furniture was damaged.
December 24th 1991
During the attack on the town, the Bastion courtyard was directly hit.
January 3rd 1992
In an artillery attack on the town, the roofing of the Bastion was damaged again.
April 9th 1992
During the shelling of the Fort from the direction of Baranja, the roofing of the Museum building received a direct hit.
April 15th 1992
During the artillery attack on the town, shell shrapnel had damaged the roofing and facades, breaking windowpanes on the museum building. Roman sarcophagi in the Collection of stone monuments were damaged.
May 5th 1992
During the artillery attack on the town, windowpanes on the Bastion were broken.
May 6th 1992
A shell struck the pavement of the Holy Trinity Square, in front of the museum building, the facade was damaged and windowpanes broken.
May 7th 1992
In the artillery attack on the town, when the statue of Holy Trinity was hit, the museum facade and Roman sarcophagi from the Collection of stone monuments were again damaged.
August 7th 1995
An explosive device with several hundred kilograms of explosives exploded in the Drava River opposite the Fort. The restored museum buildings were damaged again. Roof tiles were shaken and broken, windowpanes broken, window and door constructions damaged. A couple of windows and doors were blasted out of their place, locks were blasted out and hinges on windows and doors damaged, while the basic construction elements of the big arched window in the Collection of stone monuments was badly damaged.

Structure damage:


Shell shrapnel have damaged Classicist furniture and Roman sarcophagi in Collection of stone monuments. Damage to rest of the holdings, which had, because of the war been stored in inadequate ground floor rooms of the museum and the Bastion, was caused by water and damp seeping in through broken windows as well as the impossibility of airing temporary and permanent storerooms.
Damage inflicted during transport and inadequate storage has been noted on holdins evacuated from Osijek, which were returned to the Museum in the beginning of the 1997.

Damaged collection details►

Osijek, Museum of Slavonia
The damage to the museum building during the war operations in 1992
(from MDC's photograph library)

Osijek, Museum of Slavonia
The damage to the museum building during the war operations in 1992
(from MDC's photograph library)

Osijek, Museum of Slavonia
The damage to the museum building during the war operations in 1992
(from MDC's photograph library)

Osijek, Museum of Slavonia
The damage to the museum building during the war operations in 1992
(from MDC's photograph library)

Osijek, Museum of Slavonia
The damage to the museum building during the war operations in 1992
(from MDC's photograph library)

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